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Author Guidelines

Author Information:
A manuscript offered for submission will only be considered where the author/s warrant that the manuscript has not already been published or offered for publication elsewhere in whole, in part, or in substance. Articles under consideration by other journals will not be accepted. By submitting a manuscript for publication in ABR, the author/s also warrant that the material presented is original and does not make use of other persons’ published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission.
All articles and research manuscripts will be subject to ABR’s Double Blind Peer Review Policy.
A statement of interests must be made prior to publication.
Competing interests exist when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as the research or development of a manuscript) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal rivalry). It may arise for all authors of an article when they have a financial or professional interest that may influence, possibly without their knowing, their interpretation or conclusions.
To make the best decision about how to deal with an article, we should know about any such competing interest that authors may have. Competing interests may be inevitable and we will not refuse to publish articles simply because there may be a plurality of interests. Instead, this will ensure that the interests are transparent and stated on our website or in the article.
Therefore, authors must disclose all financial support, financial involvement in any organization or entity that has an interest, financial or otherwise, for and in the research and development of the manuscript that may result in a conflict of interest. Authors are also expected to disclose all professional or personal affiliations that may compromise the quality or objectivity of the manuscript. Such interests include employment, consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership/options, grants, patents received/pending, royalties, or other substantial involvement. The declaration of these interests must describe the nature of the interest and include the sum of any payment received.
Authors must also acknowledge all contributors who gave substantial input to conception and design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data, or to the drafting/revising of the paper for intellectual content and give the affiliations of those whose contributions have been acknowledged.
Failure to fully declare interests or discovery of interests not disclosed could lead to withdrawal of the article; therefore it is in the best interest of authors to fully disclose interests as described above.
Reference to the interest should be stated on the cover page stating either:
Interest: None declared or Interest: See accompanying sheet
For more information, please refer to:
http://www.wame.org/conflict-of-interest-in-peer-reviewed-medical-journals
COPE (Committee of Publication Ethics): http://publicationethics.org/
Statement of informed Consent
Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian or designated authority) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify individuals who provide reading and writing assistance, group consent or other designated authority and disclose the funding source for this assistance.
Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note.
When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the published article.
Statement on Human Rights and Animals
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body (IRB) explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
Licencing (copyright) policy, whether of manuscripts or art, relating to published work can viewed at Licence Policy
The online manuscript submission and referral system for Asian Bioethics Review offers easy and straightforward log-in and submission procedures. NOTE: By using the online manuscript submission and review system, it is NOT necessary to submit the manuscript also in hardcopy + disk.
Cover Art Work or Illustrations
Submission of art work and illustrations for use on the cover of the ABR can be made for publication. They should be in .gif format with as high a resolution as possible (300dpi preferred). Material selected for publication will be used within 3months of being received, where possible. If the process takes long, the artist will be notified.
Material should be sent to: medcampb@nus.edu.sg
Please reference to ABR’s policy on licensing for further information (link to licensing page). The title of the piece and artist’s name will appear on the website.

Articles
Articles and research manuscripts should be approx 5000 words excluding references, although longer manuscripts may be accepted in these categories. The word count excludes the title page, abstract, tables, acknowledgements and contributions and the references. This is the main category for original research papers on all relevant topics.
All articles will be subject to ABR’s double blind peer review process, therefore all manuscripts shall include a cover page stating: Title; estimated word count; all authors, professional title, institutional affiliation, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, email address; a note of interests, and a Human Subjects Protection Statement and Animal Rights Statement, if applicable. Manuscripts should avoid all self-identifying references. Authors are responsible for reinserting self-identifying references at final submission stage.
An abstract of up to 250 words shall accompany each submitted manuscript. Tables/Illustrations should be limited up to 4 per manuscript; submission of any more will be at editorial discretion.
Authors should provide 3-4 lines or 75words biographical detail to be included with publication.
All manuscripts accepted for publication will be subject to ABR’s licence policy.
Book Reviews
Reviews of recently published books in the areas of bioethics, law and/or policy should be submitted within six months of agreeing the review. Each review will be up to 2000 words and an abstract up to 150 words will accompany each review. The author’s details (e.g. name, position, institution) will accompany all book reviews.
Formatting for book reviews is found under the Format section.
Columns:
Case Corner
A relevant, research or clinical case study submitted for comment and discussion in the Case Corner should be submitted up to six months prior to publication. The case study should identify an ethical dilemma or problem for comment by professionals.
Author/s warrant that all material presented to the Case Corner has either had full written consent from the patient or the information has been sufficiently anonymised as to make identification of the patient impossible.
The material must be sufficiently anonymised to prohibit identity of any and all parties concerned, including any and all institutions or companies involved. The material will be submitted to up to four persons working in relevant or related field for their observations on the case material. Up to four observations will be published for each case presented.
The case study will be up to 2000 words and an abstract up to 150 words will accompany the case.
Insights
Insights is a column that is dedicated to work in bioethics that is new and relevant and will be of interest to those working in the field. It can cover a number of disciplines, for examples the Arts, or emerging topic areas, for example teaching or examining in bioethics. ABR would like to encourage and develop work within the field that reflects new approaches to a topic or a multi-disciplinary approach offering new insights.
Submissions received will be internally reviewed, where possible.
Manuscripts for Insight will be up to 2000 words and an abstract up to 150 words will accompany the manuscript. Send submissions to: medcampb@nus.edu.sg
Commentaries
This section of ABR covers the areas of current controversies, debate and responses to articles or material from the Case Corner, Insight or Med Law.
If reference is being made to current controversies in the field of bioethics, the controversy should be current either to the field of bioethics or within a specific country or geographic area (e.g. region).
If the response is to an article published in ABR, the original article should be no more than 6 months old and should be clearly identified by title and author. The response will be referred to the author of the original article for comment, prior to publication. No more than one response per article will be accepted.
Articles in this category will be up to 2500 words and the accompanying abstract will be up to 150 words. Tables or illustrations will be included at editorial discretion, and references will be included in the total word count. The author’s details (e.g. name, position, institution and institution address) will accompany all published commentaries.
Format
Articles, Research Studies, etc.
Authors are responsible for ensuring that their submissions conform to ABR’s formatting style, and for ensuring that all citations are accurate. Leave adequate margins on all sides to allow reviewers’ remarks. Please double-space all material, including notes and references.

Authors are encouraged to use the word processor’s styles. For example, Title should always appear as Heading 1 under Style, and body text should appear as "Normal". Use the endnote style for footnotes, and do not include page numbers.
While the Managing Editor does NOT check the accuracy of citations, s/he reserves the right to make amendments considered necessary to achieve ABR’s stylistic and formatting standards, and may make changes with a view to:
• eliminating errors of typing, grammar, syntax, punctuation, spelling, and idiom,
• eliminating ambiguity, illogicality, tautology, circumlocution and redundancy,
• producing accuracy and coherence, and
• improving the mode of expression and style of writing.
Changes will be sent to the author for approval.
ABR’s in-house formatting style should be followed for all submissions (eg: Articles, Commentaries), and is as follows:
Title
Main Title: The main title should appear centred at the head of the first page, not in capitals. The author’s name should appear below the title, also centred, in lower case italics. There should be an asterisk after the author’s name, referring to the first footnote (also asterisked), giving the author’s current position(s) of employment, and institution.
Secondary Titles: Headings within the text are encouraged, to make the structure of the discussion clear.
Text
Abstract: Authors should provide an abstract of not more than 250 words, which will appear under the listing of the published version.
Paragraphs: Except in the case of the opening paragraph and paragraphs following a heading, new paragraphs should be indented.
Bibliography: A comprehensive endnote section will be sufficient for a bibliography.
Endnotes
Footnotes will not be used in the journal. They will appear as endnotes.
Books: Give the author’s initial(s) and surname, the title (italicised), the number of the edition (abbreviated "edn") if not the first, and the year of publication in round brackets.
RM Veatch, The Basics of Bioethics, 2 edn, (2003)
For edited books, give the editor’s name(s) as above for the author, with "ed(s)" following immediately in round brackets.
PDG Skegg and R Patterson (eds), Medical Law in New Zealand, (2006)
See below for citation of articles in edited books. At the first of repeated references to a book, give a shorthand reference consisting of author’s surname and keywords from the title, introduced by "hereafter referred to as".
Example:
PDG Skegg and R Patterson (eds), Medical Law in New Zealand, (2006) (hereafter referred to as Skegg, Medical Law). This reference will be used in subsequent citations.
Articles in Journals: Give the author’s initials and surname, the full title of the article within double quotation marks but with minimum necessary capitalisation, the year of publication (in round brackets unless there is no volume number), the volume number in Arabic numerals, the full name of the journal in italics, the first page of the article.
A R MacLean, "Advance Directives and the Rocky Waters of Anticipatory Decision-Making", (2008) 16 Medical Law Review 1.
Standard form abbreviations may be used for the titles of journals. Abbreviations and citation must conform to the particular journal's house style. In the absence of a house style, we suggest the following format:
Zhiyong Zong, "Should post-trial provision of beneficial experimental interventions be mandatory in developing countries?" (2008) 34 J Med Ethics 188.
Articles in Book Collections: Give the author’s initials and surname, the full title of the article within double quotation marks using minimum necessary capitalisation, then say "in", and give the editor’s initials and surname followed by "(ed)", the title of the book in italics, the year of publication in round brackets, the first page of the article
N Peart, "Alternative means of reproduction", in PDG Skegg and R Patterson (eds), Medical Law in New Zealand, (2006), 415.
At the first of repeated references to an article, give a shorthand reference consisting of author’s surname and keywords from the title, introduced by "hereafter referred to as", as with book citations above.
Electronic Journals: Cite articles from electronic journals thus as above; include URL after the journal title. No page number is necessary.
Websites: URLs should be italicised and placed within brackets. When an article available in printed form is cited reference should always be made to the printed source, if one exists.
Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the References.


Permissions
It is the responsibility of the author to obtain written permission for a quotation from unpublished material, or for all quotations in excess of 250 words in one extract or 500 words in total from any work still in copyright, and for the reprinting of illustrations or tables or poems from unpublished or copyrighted material.

Formatting for Book Reviews should follow this layout:
Title: Title of the book in bold and justified to the left.
Author: On a new line, also justified to the left, insert the author’s name preceded by the word “by” and if the book is an edited collection, follow the author’s name by the word“(Editor)” in brackets.
Publisher: On a new line, also justified to the left, insert place of publication, followed by a colon, followed by the name of the publisher, followed by a comma, followed by the year of publication, then a full stop. If relevant, the series and its number in the series followed by a full stop. Identify the number of pages, followed by a full stop; then the ISBN, followed by a full stop; then the price (in the currency used by the publisher), followed by a full stop.
Reviewer: The name of the reviewer will appear at the foot of the review together with his or her position and institution.
Example
Issues in Medical Law and Ethics
by Derek Morgan,
London: Cavendish Publishing, 2001. 258 pp. ISBN 1-85941-591-1. £39.95.
Deadline: We expect reviews at the latest six months after the book has been shipped.

 

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
 

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